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Jawaharlal Nehru: The first and longest-serving PM

High Minister Narendra Modi, who has done eight years rather than business, no longer too long previously hinted that he was ready for a third term. Speaking almost at a assembly in Bharuch the build beneficiaries of various central executive schemes were assembled, he said a “very senior” Opposition leader had once requested him what else was left for him to enact after becoming the PM twice. Modi said he wouldn’t relaxation until “100 per cent” coverage of executive schemes was finished in the nation.

Modi, 71, is first PM in the past to be born after Independence. For the interval of over seven decades, the nation has seen 15 High Ministers, over a bound marked with social, political and financial adjustments. The Indian Shriek looks at India’s parliamentary democracy by the tenures of its PMs.

Jawaharlal Nehru, the most most important High Minister of India, remained rather than business repeatedly for a total interval of virtually 17 years after Independence. His top ministerial tenure spanning 6,130 days – the longest premiership in the nation in the past – over a whole lot of terms ended along with his demise on Could presumably perhaps also 27, 1964 on the age of 74.

After heading the intervening time executive in pre-Independence India, Nehru became the PM when the nation bought Independence on August 15, 1947, and headed the manager in the flee-up to the most most important normal elections held in 1951-52.

In the elections to the most most important Lok Sabha, 14 national parties participated, which incorporated the Indian Nationwide Congress (INC), All India Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS), Bolshevik Celebration of India, Communist Celebration of India (CPI), Forward Bloc (Marxist Community), Forward Bloc (Ruikar Community), Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, Krishikar Lok Celebration, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Celebration, Innovative Communist Celebration of India, Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad, Innovative Socialist Celebration, All India Scheduled Caste Federation and Socialist Celebration. Apart from, 39 impart parties and 533 Independents had additionally contested the polls.

Jawaharlal Nehru. (Shriek archive photo_

Led by Nehru, the Congress get together swept the elections, a success 364 of the entire 489 seats for which elections were held. Unquestionably, 3 of every 4 seats in the elections went to the Congress.

Of the 14 national parties, 11 entered the Home. The three parties which can no longer prefer any seat in the most most important normal elections were the Bolshevik Celebration of India, Forward Bloc (Ruikar Community) and Innovative Communist Celebration of India.

The BJS – whose offshoot love the BJP would in the kill trounce the Congress in later decades – secured utterly 3 seats, at the side of 2 from West Bengal and 1 from Rajasthan, with its founder Shyama Prasad Mukherjee managing to prefer his Calcutta South East seat.

In the most most important Lok Sabha, the Nehru-headed Congress loved a total majority as there was almost no opposition. Independents constituted the second largest personnel in the Home, whose vote share (7 per cent) and seats (37), barring the Congress, outnumbered each of the final 13 national to boot to 39 impart parties. Unquestionably, rather then the Congress, utterly two national parties – the CPI (16 seats) and Socialist Celebration (12) – might perhaps perhaps presumably reach a double-digit figure.

Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. S Radhakrishnan, Chou En Lai and Dr. Rajendra Prasad at Rashtrapati Bhawan in June 1954. (Shriek Archives)

In the second normal elections in 1957, four national parties – the INS, BJS, CPI and Praja Socialist Celebration (PSP) – and 11 impart parties were in the fray. Nehru again led the Congress to a landslide victory, with the get together bagging 371 of the entire 494 Lok Sabha seats. The other three national parties additionally improved their tally – the CPI won 27, the PSP 19 and the BJS 4. The combined number of seats won by the impart parties stood at 31. However, love the most most important Lok Sabha, this time too the Self ample candidates’ tally of 42 seats as a bloc was second after the Congress. In the second Lok Sabha, Nehru again did no longer wish to face an excellent opposition.

The elections to the third Lok Sabha in 1962 was Nehru’s closing national election earlier than his loss of life. In this election, 6 national parties – the INC, CPI, BJS, PSP, Socialist (SOC) and Swatantra (SWA) – 11 recognised parties and 10 unrecognised parties fielded their candidates.

The Congress swept the third Lok Sabha polls too, a success 361 of the entire 494 seats, regardless that the get together’s tally dipped marginally from its figure in the outdated election. Varied national parties, at the side of the CPI (29 seats), BJS (14), PSP (12), SOC (6) and SWA (18), too improved their tallies. In this election, the number of Self ample winners additionally came all of the diagram down to 20 from 42 in the outdated Home.

In the most most important normal elections, Nehru contested and won from the Allahabad district (east) cum Jaunpur district (west) constituency. In the second and third Lok Sabha polls, he won from Phulpur seat. In the 1962 election, Nehru trounced Ram Manohar Lohia, a socialist stalwart, with a margin of 64,571 votes.

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